The conflict in Ukraine appears to have all the ingredients for “cyber war”. Moscow and Kyiv are playing for the highest geopolitical stakes, and both countries possess a high level of expertise in information technology and computer hacking. However, there are still many skeptics of cyber war, and more questions than answers. Malicious code is great for espionage and crime, but can it help soldiers on the battlefield? Does computer hacking have any strategic effects? What are the political and military limits to digital operations in peacetime and in war?
This NATO-funded research project, undertaken by 20 leading authorities on national security and network security, is a benchmark for world leaders and system administrators, and sheds light on whether “cyber war” is reality -- or science fiction. Further, it helps decision makers to understand that their choices today have ramifications for democracy and human rights tomorrow.
*Free download* from the NATO Cyber Centre (CCD COE):
- Full Book – Cyber War in Perspective: Russian Aggression against Ukraine
- Chapter 1 – Kenneth Geers - ‘Introduction: Cyber War in Perspective’
- Chapter 2 – Keir Giles - ‘Russia and Its Neighbours: Old Attitudes, New Capabilities’
- Chapter 3 – James J. Wirtz - 'Cyber War and Strategic Culture: The Russian Integration of Cyber Power into Grand Strategy’
- Chapter 4 – James A. Lewis - ‘Compelling Opponents to Our Will’: The Role of Cyber Warfare in Ukraine’
- Chapter 5 – Martin Libicki - ‘The Cyber War that Wasn’t’
- Chapter 6 – Nikolay Koval - ‘Revolution Hacking’
- Chapter 7 – Glib Pakharenko - ‘Cyber Operations at Maidan: A First-Hand Account’
- Chapter 8 – Jen Weedon - ‘Beyond ‘Cyber War’: Russia’s Use of Strategic Cyber Espionage and Information Operations in Ukraine’
- Chapter 9 – Tim Maurer - ‘Cyber Proxies and the Crisis in Ukraine’
- Chapter 10 – Margarita Levin Jaitner - ‘Russian Information Warfare: Lessons from Ukraine’
- Chapter 11 – Liisa Past - ‘Missing in Action: Rhetoric on Cyber Warfare’
- Chapter 12 – Elina Lange-Ionatamishvili & Sanda Svetoka - ‘Strategic Communications and Social Media in the Russia Ukraine Conflict'
- Chapter 13 – Nadiya Kostyuk - ‘Ukraine: A Cyber Safe Haven?’
- Chapter 14 – Jan Stinissen - ‘A Legal Framework for Cyber Operations in Ukraine’
- Chapter 15 – Henry Rõigas - ‘The Ukraine Crisis as a Test for Proposed Cyber Norms’
- Chapter 16 – Jarno Limnéll - ‘Northern European Cyber Security in Light of the Ukraine War’
- Chapter 17 – Jason Healey & Michelle Cantos - ‘What’s Next for Putin in Ukraine: Cyber Escalation?’
- Chapter 18 – Richard Bejtlich - ‘Strategic Defence in Cyberspace: Beyond Tools and Tactics’